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Negatives One



The excerpt from the book Visual Thinking, and a link to this page, is from Chapter 14 entitled Art and Thought  It also appears in The Rough Itinerary on this site and in the book Making Custtad

The highlighted text from each of the other three photocopied documents is included alongside the references below

From the book The Psychodynamics of Image Formation, by Mardi Jon Horowitz came the following

"The compulsion to repeat trauma works as follows. A harrowing or frightening experience exceeded a persons state of preparedness and / or capacity to master the resulting simulations and effects. A temporary protective mechanism shunted the experience out of awareness where it resided as a kind on undigested foreign body; the memory traces were still extremely vivid and the affects were still of potentially overwhelmingly intensity. At some later date 'repetition compulsion' asserted itself- the person relived the experience repeatedly until it was mastered- until associated feelings such as helplessness diminished. Until such mastery of affects, recall of the experience tended to evoke very vivid images. With mastery the memory traces were processed for storage in the usual way; they were stripped of sensory intensity and related to various schemata and concepts.' P.120

From the paper The Development of Cortical Circuitry and Cognitive Function by Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic came

‘I have argued that perseverative behaviour and distractibility may be secondary consequences of the more fundamental impairment in the mechanism by which symbolic representations are accessed and held 'online' to guide a response (Goldman-Rakic, 1987). It seems possible that without this ability, an organism would be virtually compelled to respond reflexively to stimuli present in the environment at the time of the response or on the basis of proponent tendencies.'

This paper is from the Journal of Child Development, Vol. 58, No. 3. (Jun., 1987), pp. 601-622  Mention of it can also be found in the section entitled Holding on Line in the book Making Custtad 

And last but not least is the paper by Acher, R. A. (1910). Spontaneous Constructions and Primitive Activities of Children Analogous to those of Primitive Man. American Journal of Psychology. Vol. 21. pp 114-150

And for this one, and completing the images on this page, I am using a scanned version of the highlighted text


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